5 Tips to Improve Federer’s Mental Game

Tennis Psychology

How Can Federer Improve His Mental Game?

What’s a better mindset for Federer that will help him win again against Nadal after his demoralizing, heartfelt loses in the Australian Open?

I’m revisiting the psychology of tennis lessons we learned from the Australian Open finals. The momentum shifts of a final match, such as Federer and Nadal in the 2009 Australian Open, are interesting to watch from a mental game perspective.

As a mental game expert, I try to peer into the psychology and momentum of a match.

If you have read my articles at Sports Psychology for Tennis, you know I think Federer defeated himself with some faulty thinking in the fifth set during the Australian Open finals.

After the match, he said the match should not have gone five sets. He also thinks that the better player does not always win because it comes down to momentum and who has the momentum at the end of the match. True, but:

Can thinking his opponent has stole all the momentum be enough to cause him to tighten up in the final set?

You could see Federer tighten up in the fifth set and make more mental errors.

Federer had 14 unforced errors in the final set compared to Nadal’s two unforced errors.

Did the pressure to win cause Federer to tighten up and make more errors in the final set?

Yes, I think Federer choked the match away when Nadal grabbed some momentum in the match.

Here’s my mental game of tennis summary outlining why Nadal beat Federer (or why Federer beat himself!):

  • Federer has had a tough history with Nadal during the last year and it plays on his mind.
  • Federer thinks he has a big disadvantage against Nadal’s lefty serve. Translation: I can’t break him when I really need to get a break.
  • Federer thinks the best player does not always win if it goes to five sets. Translation: Even if I’m a better tennis player, there’s a chance I can’t win this.
  • Others expect Federer to beat Nadal. Translation: This causes more pressure for Federer.
  • Federer thought (assumption on my part) he had to hit every first serve perfectly and score aces. This resulted in a first serve percentage of only 51% and six double-faults just at the wrong times. Translation: Going for winners on the first serve caused him to lose service games.

I do think Federer beat himself, especially in the final set. But I don’t want to take anything away from Nadal’s heroic performance. He played a great tactical and mentally tough match. Nadal could have folded earlier in the match when Federer had all the momentum, but he held strong.

How can Federer improve his mindset or mental game for future success against Nadal?

1. Focus on the future and not the past. Nadal leads Federer 13-6 head to head from 2004 to 2009. From 2008 to present, Nadal has won all five meetings. The last match Federer won was the semifinals of the 2007 Tennis Masters Cup. Federer has it in his head that he can’t beat Nadal no matter how good he plays. He must approach each match without the history being a monkey on his back.

2. Practice more against lefty players. Federer thinks he has a big disadvantage against lefty players when it comes to his return of serve. He need to practice more with lefty players if that’s the case and find a way to turn this disadvantage into an advantage in his mind.

3. Play a functional match instead of a perfect looking match. Federer has perfect-looking, flowing groundstrokes, but perfect stokes does not win matches. Good (functional) strokes, good tactics, and mental toughness wins matches. He should play the shots that get the job done in the match rather than stick to what he thinks looks pretty or feels perfect to him.

4. Stop worrying about what others expect. Players sometimes adopt others expectations as their own and then feel pressure to play up to others expectations. This may be the case with Federer. I think he worries too much about what the public expects of him because of his number one status for several years.

5. Win with your best shots, not winners on every serve. This concept is similar to playing functional tennis instead of perfect tennis. When players think they must hit winners on every serve (be perfect) to win matches, this causes them to tighten up and over control their performance. I think a better goal for Federer would be to improve his first serve percentage against Nadal instead or try to hit aces every service.

One note here: I based this article on what I can observe in matches and what I read in the post-match interviews. If I could talk to Roger, I’m certain I would have a longer or more accurate picture of how his mental game of tennis may be holding him back and what changes would help.

What changes in Roger’s mental game would you suggest?

Your comments are welcome.

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4 thoughts on “5 Tips to Improve Federer’s Mental Game”

  1. I’m agree with you about lefty players. FEDERER must find somthing to do against that lefty serve. Specially when he is receiving on the left side. That serve opens the court a lot, and Federer has to slice the ball. Maybe getting a bit more inside the court, not allowing the ball to rebound high, can give federer a bit of confidence.

    A non mental tip ? Maybe he has to increase a bit his racket head size …

  2. i dont agree with the majority of things that u said. ur right about focusing on the future and not the past and also playing more against left handers. but i dont agree on number three. he has to play an almost perfect match – its the only way he can win, sure he can pay more of his natural game but he cant play nadal like he plays other players i dont agree on no.5 with the serves. he has to go for his serves since nadal is such a good receiver. and also about worrying about what others expect – he doesnt care what others think. hes playing for himself not them. sure theres a lot of pressure… but he can handle that and u need pressure to play a match well. u cant go in there playing with no pressure whatsoever. i think federer is improving this year. he is so hungry to win more slams and to take revenge on nadal.i think had a good game plan this year for the aus open compared to winbledon 08. he had his tactics right but he only lost because he had a bad day. if he was playing at his best he wouldve won much more easily.

  3. Your goal can’t be to play a perfect match. That’s way too much pressure and trying too hard for anyone. You’ll bind yourself up in tension and over-trying.

    Patrick Cohn

  4. federer is a better player

    He s more entertaining to watch and at his best it is tennis perfection.
    Flowing strokes and an even temper and a gracioucious winner and loser mean he is an example of a great role model.
    after being sick he just had an ordinary year, with ‘only’ one grandslam and a ranking of number one.

    i think we forget that he is human, him losing to nadal reminds us of that.

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